E-2 Visa Processing Time: A Guide for Prospective Investors

E2 Visa Application Timeline: A Comprehensive Guide

Thinking about starting a business in the US? The E2 visa, often referred to as the Treaty Investor Visa, is a pivotal non-immigrant visa option for investors and entrepreneurs from treaty countries looking to operate and manage an enterprise in the United States.

Essential for business individuals investing a substantial amount of capital in a U.S.-based business, the E2 visa facilitates the entry of not only the principal investor but also their family members and employees under certain conditions. Familiarity with the E2 visa processing time, which can vary depending on numerous factors including the specific treaty country and the consulate process, is crucial for effective application planning.

This guide delves into the intricacies of the E2 visa application timeline, highlighting estimated processing times and the importance of thorough documentation. From the initial application to the visa interview and approval notice, each step is explored in detail.

Timeline for E2 Visa Processing: Application Stage

Key Steps

1. Document Collection: Gather required documents proving nationality, substantial investment, and intent to leave the U.S. Examples include business plans and investment fund proof.

2. Visa Application: Submit the application with supporting documents and fees to the relevant U.S. consulate in the investor’s home country.

3. Processing Times: Varies based on consulate workload and application completeness, ranging from weeks to months. Consult with an immigration attorney for latest estimates.

4. Premium Processing Service: The USCIS offers expedited review for an additional premium processing fee (currently $2,500), guaranteeing a decision on your E-2 change of status application within 15 business days. This doesn’t guarantee approval, but it significantly speeds up the process compared to regular processing times.

Note: Premium processing is only available for E-2 change of status applications, not initial visa applications from outside the US.

Thorough preparation in this stage impacts subsequent steps like the visa interview and final decision. When switching from another visa status within the U.S., processing times for an existing business may differ significantly.

Timeline for E2 Visa Processing: Change of Status

1. Processing Times: Varies (4-12 weeks). Depends on USCIS workload and case complexity. Expect longer processing times if Requests for Evidence (RFEs) are issued.

2. Premium Processing: Fast-track your E-2 change of status application with USCIS for a decision in 15 business days ($2,500 fee). No guarantee of approval.

3. Success Considerations:

  • Investment Validity: Ensure substantial investment in a viable enterprise.

  • Documentation Accuracy: Submit detailed and accurate business plan and investment evidence.

  • Continuous Legal Status: Maintain current visa status until E2 visa approval to avoid unauthorized stay.

Consulting with a US immigration lawyer and getting immigration services are advised for navigating complexities and optimizing application success.

E2 Visa VS E2 Status

The E2 visa is a type of non-immigrant visa that allows individuals from certain treaty countries to enter the United States for the purpose of investing a substantial amount of capital in a U.S. business. This visa category is specifically designed to facilitate investment and trade between the United States and the treaty country. To qualify for an E2 visa, the applicant must be a citizen of a country that has a treaty of commerce and navigation with the United States, and they must invest a significant amount of capital in a U.S. enterprise.

On the other hand, E2 status refers to the legal immigration status granted to individuals who enter the United States on an E2 visa. Once an individual is granted an E2 visa and enters the United States, they are considered to be in E2 status for the duration of their authorized stay. This status allows them to reside in the U.S. and work for the business in which they have invested, along with their dependents.

Step-by-Step Guide to Completing the E2 Visa Application

Documentation Required:

1. Business Plan: Detailed plan outlining business nature, objectives, and financial projections.

2. Investment Evidence: Documents proving substantial capital investment in a U.S. enterprise.

3. Ownership Evidence: Proof of ownership in the enterprise, like share certificates or partnership agreements.

4. Source of Funds: Documentation demonstrating the source of investment funds.

5. Passport: Valid passport with expiration beyond intended stay.

6. Form DS-160: Complete DS-160 form accurately.

7. Visa Application Fee: Pay non-refundable fee.

8. Photograph: Provide recent photo meeting U.S. visa requirements.

9. Employee Documentation (if applicable): Qualifications of planned employees.


1. Research and Plan: Understand E2 visa requirements and develop a qualifying business plan.

2. Investment Preparation: Gather investment funds and legitimacy documentation.

3. Business Setup: Establish or acquire a qualifying U.S. business entity.

4. Document Collection: Gather required documents, including business plan and investment evidence.

5. Form DS-160: Complete the online application accurately.

6. Visa Interview Scheduling: Pay visa fee and schedule interview at nearest U.S. embassy or consulate.

7. Preparation: Familiarize with potential interview questions and gather required documents.

8. Attend Interview: Arrive early, present documents, and answer questions confidently.

9. Wait for Processing: Wait for visa application processing, which varies based on embassy workload.

10. Visa Issuance: If approved, receive stamped passport allowing U.S. entry as a treaty investor.

11. Travel Arrangements: Make travel plans within visa validity period.

12. Reporting to CBP: Upon U.S. arrival, report to Customs and Border Protection for visa inspection.

13. Maintain Status: Ensure compliance with visa requirements, including business operation outlined in the plan.

Following these steps and providing thorough documentation can lead to successful completion of the E2 visa application process.

The Interview Process for the E2 Visa


The interview is a crucial step in the E2 visa application process, conducted at the U.S. embassy or consulate in the applicant’s home country. It allows consular officers to assess the applicant’s eligibility and intentions regarding their investment in the United States.

What to Expect

During the interview, applicants can expect questions about their business plan, investment funds, and intent to operate a bona fide enterprise in the U.S. The consular officer may inquire about the applicant’s background, qualifications, and the viability of their business venture.

How to Prepare

1. Review Documentation: Familiarize yourself with all submitted documents, including the business plan and investment evidence.

2. Practice Interview Questions: Anticipate and rehearse responses to potential interview questions, focusing on the business plan, investment details, and your intentions in the U.S.

3. Be Honest and Confident: Answer questions truthfully and confidently, demonstrating your commitment to the success of your business in the United States.

4. Clarify Doubts: If unsure about any questions, ask for clarification rather than providing inaccurate information.

5. Dress Professionally: Present yourself professionally, as first impressions can influence the consular officer’s perception.

By adequately preparing for the interview and presenting yourself and your business venture confidently, you can increase your chances of a successful outcome in the E2 visa application process.

Strategies to Prevent E2 Visa Processing Delays

Common Causes of Delays

1. Incomplete Documentation: Missing or incomplete paperwork can prolong processing times.

2. Insufficient Investment Evidence: Lack of clear proof of substantial investment can lead to delays.

3. Incorrect Application: Errors or inconsistencies in the visa application can require additional review.

Tips to Minimize Delays

1. Thorough Documentation: Ensure all required documents are complete and accurate before submission.

2. Detailed Business Plan: Provide a comprehensive business plan outlining investment details and business operations.

3. Professional Assistance: Seek guidance from an immigration attorney to navigate the application process effectively.

4. Timely Submission: Submit the application well in advance to account for processing times and potential delays.

5. Regular Follow-Up: Stay informed about the application status and address any requests or concerns promptly.

By addressing these common pitfalls and following these strategies, applicants can minimize E2 visa processing delays and expedite the approval process.

Assessing the Difficulty of Securing an E2 Visa

Challenges and Complexities

1. Investment Requirement: Demonstrating a substantial investment in a qualifying U.S. business can be financially challenging.

2. Business Viability: Establishing the business as a bona fide enterprise, capable of generating sufficient income, adds complexity, while marginal enterprise applications may face additional scrutiny.

3. Documentation: Gathering and presenting comprehensive documentation, including a detailed business plan, is time-consuming and requires attention to detail.

4. Legal Expertise: Navigating the intricate requirements of the E2 visa process often necessitates legal assistance, adding to the overall complexity.

Factors Influencing Approval Rates

1. Investment Size: Larger investments may increase confidence in the business’s viability and positively impact approval rates.

2. Business Plan Quality: A well-prepared and credible business plan enhances the likelihood of approval.

3. Country of Origin: Factors such as bilateral treaties and economic stability of the applicant’s home country can influence approval rates, regardless of United States citizenship

4. Immigration History: A clean immigration history, without past visa violations or denials, can improve the chances of approval.

5. Consular Discretion: Consular officers’ discretion plays a significant role, making approval rates somewhat unpredictable.

Navigating the E2 visa application process requires thorough preparation, financial commitment, and often legal guidance due to its inherent challenges and complexities.

E2 Visa Approval Rates

Securing an E2 visa can be challenging due to factors like substantial investment requirements and business viability scrutiny. However, statistics reveal favorable approval rates in recent years, with a success rate of 92.51% in 2021.

Insights and Trends:

  1. Country-Specific Approval Rates: Approval rates may differ based on the applicant’s country of origin and the strength of bilateral treaties between the U.S. and that country.

  2. Investment Size: Applications with larger investments tend to have higher approval rates, as they demonstrate a more significant commitment to the U.S. economy.

  3. Business Viability: The viability of the proposed business, as outlined in the business plan, significantly impacts approval rates. Businesses with clear growth potential and job creation prospects are more likely to be approved.

  4. Legal Assistance: Applicants who seek professional legal guidance to navigate the complex E2 visa process may experience higher approval rates due to thorough preparation and adherence to regulations.

  5. Consular Discretion: Consular officers have discretion in evaluating visa applications, and individual factors such as the applicant’s interview performance and credibility can influence approval decisions.

Understanding these trends and factors can help prospective applicants prepare stronger E2 visa applications and improve their chances of approval.

Guide to Renewing Your E2 Visa

Process and Requirements:

  1. Eligibility Check: Ensure continued eligibility by maintaining investment and business operations.

  2. Document Preparation: Gather updated business documents, financials, and tax returns.

  3. Form DS-160: Complete the Nonimmigrant Visa Application Form DS-160.

  4. Visa Fee Payment: Pay renewal fees online.

  5. Interview Scheduling: Schedule an interview at the nearest US embassy.

  6. Interview Preparation: Review potential questions and business updates.

  7. Visa Interview: Attend the interview and provide required documents.

  8. Wait for Processing: Processing typically takes a few weeks to months.

Important Considerations:

  • Timeline: Renew well in advance to avoid gaps.

  • Legal Assistance: Consider consulting a US immigration lawyer.

  • Compliance: Maintain visa requirements throughout.

By following these steps and considerations, applicants can smoothly navigate E2 visa renewal.


Navigating the E2 visa application process requires careful planning and adherence to specific timelines. By following the steps outlined in this guide, applicants can streamline their application journey and increase their chances of success.

Remember to seek assistance from experienced E2 visa lawyers to ensure thorough preparation and compliance with all requirements. With dedication and proper guidance, obtaining the E-2 treaty investor visa can open doors to exciting business opportunities in the United States.

Jeremy Abernathy

9 January 2024

I had the pleasure of working with Verdie and Nessa to obtain my E2 Visa. Their in-depth knowledge and experience allowed me to be fully prepared in my application and they were able to answer all questions leading up to the Visa interview.

Saeed Muhammad

15 December 2023

Verdie was an amazing attorney, providing exceptional client care throughout the process. He had a great depth of knowledge in all areas on business visas in the US.

Satya Choudhury

20 September 2023

I had a great experience with Davies & Associates. They are very thorough in the approach and their have experts in this field who know the domain very well.I would certainly be leaning onto them for any future needs as well.

Hoshino Ryuichi

12 September 2023

Thanks to them for handling my E2 visa very professionally. I had a study visa from F1 and changed it to E2. I encountered many problems during the application process. Verdie and Etta were very patient in helping me and it took a long time. I highly recommend this place.

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